# PAT-A 真题 – 1073 Scientific Notation

Scientific notation is the way that scientists easily handle very large numbers or very small numbers. The notation matches the regular expression [+-][1-9].[0-9]+E[+-][0-9]+ which means that the integer portion has exactly one digit, there is at least one digit in the fractional portion, and the number and its exponent's signs are always provided even when they are positive.

Now given a real number  in scientific notation, you are supposed to print  in the conventional notation while keeping all the significant figures.

### Input Specification:

Each input contains one test case. For each case, there is one line containing the real number  in scientific notation. The number is no more than 9999 bytes in length and the exponent's absolute value is no more than 9999.

### Output Specification:

For each test case, print in one line the input number  in the conventional notation, with all the significant figures kept, including trailing zeros.

### Sample Input 1:

+1.23400E-03

### Sample Output 1:

0.00123400

### Sample Input 2:

-1.2E+10

### Sample Output 2:

-12000000000

#include <cstdio>
#include <iostream>
#include <string>
using namespace std;

int main(){
string s, num;
int e = 0;
bool _e = true;  //指数的正负，true为+，false为负
cin >> s;
if(s[0] == '-') cout << '-';
bool in_e = false;
for(int i = 1; i < s.length(); i++){
if(s[i] == '.') continue;
if(s[i] == 'E') {
if(s[++i] == '-') _e = false;
in_e = true;
continue;
}
if(!in_e) num += s[i];  //没有读到过e，数据存入num
else e = e*10+s[i]-'0'; //读到了e，数据累加到e
}
//cout << num << endl << e << endl;
if(_e){  //如果指数是正的
int i = 0;
for(; i <= e; i++){  //移动小数点
if(i < num.length()) //如果还输出完整个数字，则继续输出
cout << num[i];
//如果输出完整个数字，并且还没完成移动小数点，输出0
if(i >= num.length() && i < e) cout << 0;
}
if(i < num.length()) cout << '.'; //如果输出完数字了，说明小数点在这个位置
while(i < num.length()) cout << num[i++]; //没输出完整个数字，继续输出
while(i < e){ //如果尚未到达要求移动的位数，输出0
cout << 0;
i++;
}
if(i != num.length()) cout << 0;//防止只输出了一个小数点，不输出0
}else{  //指数是负的
if(e) cout << "0."; //指数非0，输出0.
for(int i = 1; i < e; i++) cout << 0; //在移动范围内，输出0
for(int i = 0; i < num.length(); i++) cout << num[i]; //最后把整个数字输出即可
}
return 0;
}